Social Distancing Challenges for Marginal Communities during COVID-19 Pandemic in Bangladesh

Main Article Content

Nova Ahmed
Rahat Jahangir Rony
Kimia Zaman


This study presents the challenges of marginal communities in maintaining social distances during the COVID-19 pandemic. We focused on garment worker communities in Bangladesh. The current living conditions put the community at high risk due to the contagious nature of COVID-19. The study involved 55 garment workers (32 female) living in three different regions--Ashulia, Gazipur, and Mirpur of Bangladesh. Through a qualitative research method, three critical aspects were studied. First, the inability to maintain social distancing in the community living in close proximity. Second, there is a lack of concern about healthcare among the community and, finally, the absence of preparation for crisis management. The research work proposes policy level intervention for better healthcare in the light of the pandemic that can be helpful in the coming days.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Ahmed, N., Jahangir Rony, R., & Tuz Zaman, K. (2020). Social Distancing Challenges for Marginal Communities during COVID-19 Pandemic in Bangladesh . Journal of Biomedical Analytics, 3(2), 5–14.
Research Articles


Akhter S (2014). “Endless misery of nimble fingers: The Rana Plaza disaster.†Asian Journal of Women’s Studies, 20(1), 137–147. doi:10.1080/12259276.2014.11666176.

Akhter S, Rutherford S, Chu C (2019). “Sufferings in silence: Violence against female workers in the ready-made garment industry in Bangladesh: A qualitative exploration.†Women’s Health, 15, 1745506519891302. doi:10.1177/1745506519891302.

Alam J (2020). Bangladesh reopens 600 apparel factories despite virus risk. Accessed April, 2020, URL

Barua S, et al. (2020). “Understanding Coronanomics: The economic implications of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic.†SSRN Electronic Journal. doi:https://doi org/10/ggq92n.

Barua U, Ansary MA (2017). “Workplace safety in Bangladesh ready-made garment sector: 3 years after the Rana Plaza collapse.†International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, 23(4), 578–583. doi:10.1080/10803548.2016.1251150.

BGMEA (2020). “Bangladesh Garments Manufacturers and Exporters Association.†Accessed April, 2020, URL

Bolle MJ (2014). “Bangladesh apparel factory collapse: Background in brief.†Congressional Research Service, the Library of Congress.

Braun V, Clarke V (2006). “Using thematic analysis in psychology.†Qualitative Research in Psychology, 3(2), 77–101. doi:10.1191/1478088706qp063oa.

Coronavirus BD (2020). “Coronavirus Bangladesh.†Accessed April, 2020, URL

Elo S, Kyngäs H (2008). “The qualitative content analysis process.†Journal of Advanced Nursing, 62(1), 107–115. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2648.2007.04569.x.

Grameen Phone (2020). Free health service TONIC launched for Grameenphone customers. Accessed April, 2020, URL

Hossain MS, Ferdous S, Siddiqee MH (2020). “Mass Panic during COVID-19 Outbreak–A perspective from Bangladesh as a High-Risk Country.†Journal of Biomedical Analytics, 3(2), 1–3. doi:10.30577/jba.v3i2.40.

Islam MS, Rakib MA, Adnan A (2016). “Ready-made garments sector of Bangladesh: Its contribution and challenges towards development.†Journal of Asian Development Studies, 5(2). doi:10.17265/2328-7144/2019.01.004.

Khan S, Siddique R, Ali A, Xue M, Nabi G (2020). “Novel coronavirus, poor quarantine, and the risk of pandemic.†Journal of Hospital Infection, 104(4), 449–450. doi:10.1016/j.jhin.2020.02.002.

Lee VJ, Chiew CJ, Khong WX (2020). “Interrupting transmission of COVID-19: lessons from containment efforts in Singapore.†Journal of Travel Medicine. doi:10.1093/jtm/taaa039.

Map BUS (2020). “BRAC Urban Slum Map.†Accessed April, 2020, URL

Sabur S (2019). “Gender and Politics in South Asia.†Oxford Bibliographies. doi:10.1093/OBO/9780199756223-0265.

Saleh A (2020). “COVID-19 threatens to cause a humanitarian crisis.†Accessed April, 2020, URL

Sinkovics N, Hoque SF, Sinkovics RR (2016). “Rana Plaza collapse aftermath: are CSR compliance and auditing pressures effective?†Accounting, Auditing & Accountability Journal, 29(4), 617–649. doi:10.1108/AAAJ-07-2015-2141.

Steinisch M, Yusuf R, Li J, Rahman O, Ashraf HM, Strümpell C, Fischer JE, Loerbroks A (2013). “Work stress: Its components and its association with self-reported health outcomes in a garment factory in Bangladesh–Findings from a cross-sectional study.†Health & Place, 24, 123–130. doi:10.1016/j.healthplace.2013.09.004.

Sultana A (2010). “Patriarchy and Women’s Subordination: A Theoretical Analysis.†Arts Faculty Journal, pp. 1–18. doi:10.3329/afj.v4i0.12929.

Surveillances V (2020). “The epidemiological characteristics of an outbreak of 2019 novel coronavirus diseases (COVID-19)–China, 2020.†China CDC Weekly, 2(8), 113–122.

The World Bank (2020). “The World Bank.†Accessed April, 2020, URL https://databank.

WHO (2020). “World Health Organization.†Accessed April, 2020, URL